Important Laws of Cricket | Cricket Rules | Essay On Cricket

Main rules of cricket, essay importance Cricket Rules, test cricket one-day cricket t20 cricket umpire bowler batman player

Cricket is one of the most favorite sports which is played from the street to the whole world. Currently, the Cricket World Cup is being played in Australia.

What is cricket 

  1. It is an outdoor game which is played in the field. Bat, ball, and stump are the main ingredients in cricket without which cricket cannot be played.
  2. Cricket is played between two teams. Each team has 11 members/players. Apart from this, there is a 12th member who can replace that member if one of the members of the team is injured or goes out for any other reason. But this 12th member can only become fielding/field keeper, it cannot be given the place of batsman, bowler, or wicketkeeper.
  3. 2 umpires are present on the field to take various decisions in cricket, apart from this there is a 3 rd umpire who watches the game through the TV screen, and in special circumstances the decision of the 3 rd umpire The final decision is considered.
  4. Cricket is played in two innings, in each innings one team bats and the other team bowls and fields.
  5. The main objective of the team batting in the first innings is to score runs or scores.
  6. The main objective of the bowling team is to get the batsman out and stop the run/score.
  7. In the second innings, the team batting has a target of runs/scores which has to be achieved by the team batting in the first innings.
  8. Which team will bat or bowl first is decided by the captain of the team that wins the toss.

There are three types of cricket at the international/national level.

  • Test Cricket
  • One Day Cricket
  • Twenty-20 Cricket (Twenty 20/ T2o Cricket)

There is a difference in some rules in these, which are specially played between the days or how many balls ie overs.

One-day cricket has been targeted in this blog.

The main rules of cricket

  1. A game of 50 overs is played in one day cricket, there are 6 balls in each over, thus 300 balls are played.
  2. In the first innings, the batsman team gives a target of runs to the front team by playing these 50 overs.
  3. If 10 players of the team are dismissed before 50 overs, then the runs made till that time are considered as the target, and the next innings are played.
  4. In the second innings, there is a target of runs in front of 10 members of the team, so one run has to be completed in more than 50 overs. It depends on the performance of the team in how many balls or overs they can achieve the target.
  5. The main objective of the bowling team in both innings is to dismiss the batsman and allow at least runs to be scored, in the second innings to prevent the batsmen from the given target, they have to be dismissed or to control the speed of runs.

Run or Score (Cricket Run / Scores Rule)

  • There are three ways in which runs are scored by the batsman in cricket.

Running between the wickets:

Pitches are made on the field, which is 2012 cm long and 305 cm wide. There are stumps on both sides of the pitch and one batsman stands on either side. The playing batsman hits the ball and both batsmen come forward to take the run The guys run towards the stumps. At this time, the bowling team tries to catch the ball and hit the stump before reaching the batsman’s stump or catch the ball as soon as possible and allow the batsman to score at least one run.


When the batsman hits the ball and the ball goes beyond the prescribed limit while running on the field, then it is called a four, that is, four runs.

six :

When the batsman hits the ball and it crosses the boundary without hitting the ball, then it is called a six or a six.

Extra Runs :

Apart from this, due to the wrong ball of the bowler, the front team is given one run for each wrong ball.

Wrong Ball Types

No Ball:

Unlawful delivery by the bowler i.e. 1. Wrong use of arms 2. The height of the ball is several times higher than the batsman 3. Fielder is in the wrong position 4. Bowler’s feet outside the return crease are called No Ball for which the opposite team gets an extra

Not given and no out except run out is valid on that ball. Also, a free hit means an extra ball is served to the batsman on which he cannot be out except run out.

Wide Ball:

When the ball is too far away from the batsman that he cannot play under any condition, it is considered the bowler’s fault, and the batsman’s team is given an extra run.

Bye :

When the ball does not touch the bat and the wicketkeeper also leaves it, at that time the batsmen get time to run, it is called a bye ball.

Leg Bye:

When the ball hits the batsman instead of hitting the bat and goes away, even then the batsman gets a chance to run, it is called leg bye.

Types Of Out


When the bowler hits the ball on the stumps and the bats fall, it is called bowled. If the bats do not move or fall when hit, then it is not out.


If the ball is hit in the air by the batsman and is caught by the fielder without hitting it, then it is called a catch out.

Leg Before Wicket LBW:

It happens many times when the ball hits the leg of the batsman, but when it seems that the ball would not have hit the leg, it could have hit the wicket, then LBW is given out.

Run Out:

When the batsman runs between the wickets for a run, if the ball is caught by any fielder and hits the wicket before the batsman reaches the wicket, then he is considered run out.

Hit Wicket:

When the wicket falls due to the mistake of the batsman, it is called a hit wicket.

Hitting Ball Two Times By Batsman:

The batsman is allowed to play the ball only once, if he touches it again for fear of being dismissed, he is given out.

Stumped Out:

When the batsman does not touch the ball and runs for the run, then the wicketkeeper can get him out with the ball. If he touches, he is called stumped out.

Catch Ball By Bates Man:

If the batsman catches the ball with his hand or touches it with his hand to avoid being out, then he is considered out.

Time Out:

After the batsman is out, if the other batsman does not reach to play within 3 minutes, then he is considered out. This is called time out.

To obstruct :

When the batsman abuses the other team or deliberately comes in front of them while holding the ball, then he is dismissed.

T-20 is a new form of cricket that was started in 2003 in England. The reason behind starting this type of game was that cricket should be made more exciting earlier and more spectators should participate in it. Although almost the method of this game is similar to the rest of the cricket forms, specific changes have been made in this game.

T20 Cricket General rule

  • Out of the total of 20 overs, each bowler will do a maximum of 4 overs in five bowlers.
  • If the bowler ever encroaches on the pomping crease then it will be a no-ball. The batting team will get 1 run instead and the ball will also not be valid. The ball after this will be a free hit on which the batsman will not be out except for a runout.
  • If the Empire feels that a team is wasting time unnecessarily, then according to its intelligence, it will deduct 5 runs as a penalty to that team.
  • In normal Twenty20 cricket, the interval is of 20 minutes. If for some reason the overs of the match are less, then the time of the interval becomes 10 minutes.
  • If both teams play a match of five overs, then the match will not be canceled.
  • In Twenty20 cricket, one short-pitched ball is allowed in each over.
  • To calculate a team’s run rate, runs scored against each over are subtracted from the runs scored by the other team.


The format of Twenty20 cricket is generally the same as that of ODIs, the only difference being the number of overs, as the name suggests. This game is played between two teams and each team plays a match of 20 overs. Since it is a quick game, the players do not use the dressing room. They sit in the canopy on the edge of the field.


  • Not more than 5 fielders can be kept in the leg side for the given period.
  • In Twenty20 cricket, only two players will remain outside the 30 yards for the first 6 overs. All the other fielders will remain inside the circle.
  • The fielding team will have to complete the entire 20 overs within 80 minutes. If this does not happen, the batting team may have to score extra runs. If the batting team also wastes time, then Empire can take the same decision against them as well.

The decision to draw

In Twenty20 cricket, the game never ends in a draw unless there is a natural cause. In the form of a super over, both the teams have to play one over each. You can also take it as a mini-match. If a team loses two wickets in this over, then that team will lose or if it does not happen, then the team that scores the most runs will win. If there is a tie in this too, the team which hits the maximum number of sixers will win, even if there is a tie in this too, then the team based on fours will win.

Test cricket rules

Some important rules of Test cricket

  • 5 consecutive Test cricket matches played between two teams
  • It is played for days and if the decision of the match comes in those 5 days, then it is not good, then the match is declared a draw and no team will be victorious.
  • Whichever team plays in a Test cricket match, each team gets a chance to bat twice and bowl twice. In which all players get two chances.
  • In a match of test cricket, up to 90 overs are played in one day and accordingly, there is a game of 450 overs in the whole 5 days and in this, the bowler can put as many overs as he wants in this match, in this over like a divisional There is no limit.
  • Another advantage in Test matches is that if a ball goes from behind the batsman, it is not called a wide ball.
  • Each team has two DRS in an innings of a Test match and after the 90 overs are over, both the teams again get two more DRS.
  • There is no restriction on fielding in a test match, in which the team can field as many players as they want on the boundary and inside the 30-yard circle.
  • No free heat is given in a test match, if someone bowls a no-ball then that ball will be considered as no ball and free heat of no ball will not be given on the next ball.

what is follow-on

  • If the batting team has scored more runs in the first innings and if the other team has scored very less runs than the first team, then the first team gives the follow-on to the other team in front.
  • For the teams playing in the test match, 1 tea break, and 1 lunch break are given in a day, which is 30 minutes and 45 minutes respectively.
  • There are three sessions in 1 day of a test cricket match and 30 overs are done in one session, after that both the above breaks are given.
  • After the end of every 80 overs in a Test match, the bowling team can take a new ball if they wish.

ODI Rules

Some important rules of ODI cricket

  • This match is 50 overs.
  • Time-out rule:- If a player is out / retired hurt then the batsman coming after him should take guard from the umpire or come to the crease to play within 3 minutes otherwise that player should come to play The player is declared out.
  • No Appeal No Out:- If a player is out lbw, then in that case the fielding players must appeal, otherwise that player will not be considered out.
  • If the ball does not fall, then it is not out: – If a player is playing and the ball or bat hits the stump after bowling and the ball does not fall, then that player will not be considered out.
  • Rules of injured players:- If the playing player goes out of the field after being injured and does not inform the umpire after coming back to the field, then in that case 5 runs from the fielding team are deducted.
  • Tampering with the ball: – If a player stops the ball with his hand while batting, then in that case that player will be considered out.
  • Mankading, crease left before throwing the ball:- Under this rule in cricket when the running batsman leaves his crease before throwing the ball, getting out in such a situation is called Mankading. But according to this rule, this runout does not go to the bowler’s account.
  • Disturbing the batsman: – If the fielding player tampers with the playing batsman, then in that case 5 runs will be added to the batsman’s account.

T20 Cricket Rules (T20 Rules)

Some important rules of T20 cricket

  • This match is 20 overs.
  • Whenever the bowler encroaches on the pomping crease, in that case, the ball bowled will be treated as a no-ball and the batting team will be awarded 1 run.
  • During the game, if the umpire feels that a team is unnecessarily wasting the stipulated time, then in that case 5 runs of that team will be deducted.
  • In normal Twenty20 cricket, the interval is 20 minutes, if for some reason the overs of the match are short, then the interval time becomes 10 minutes.
  • During the match, if both teams play 5 or more overs, then the match will not be canceled.
  • In a t20 cricket match, only one short-pitch ball is allowed to be bowled in each over.

Rules for umpire

Some important rules for Empire

  • In cricket, it is most important for the empire before and after the match to see the ground or pitch well or get information about it, so that it helps to know whether there is any problem during the match.
  • Although whatever decision the Empire gives is final, but still the Empire should know that whatever decision it is giving, it is giving it by staying within the rules.
  • By the way, the decision of the empire is final, yet there is a third empire on top of that, who takes care of whether the on-field empire has given the wrong decision?
  • The umpire is a sort of head of the match who takes care of the match.

Rules for players

By the way, the first rule for the players is that they should play this game with full honesty and sporting spirit. Apart from all these, there are some other general rules about which you should know.

  • A player shall not misbehave with any other player who is playing on the opposite team nor shall make any wrong comments about him.
  • If a player is batting, then in that case, after the dismissal of a player, does not come to the field in 3 minutes, then at that place
  • In that case, that player is considered out. Before the start of the match, the captain of the match must give the list of 11 players who are playing in that match to the match referee.
  • It is necessary for those players from the fielding team that if the player in front gets stumped out, then in that situation the fielding players have to appeal, otherwise the batting team will not be considered out.

rules for bowler

Some important rules for the bowler

  • For bowling, first of all, any bowler has to take care of this while throwing the ball, he should turn it up to 15 degrees, more than that it is considered wrong.
  • While bowling to the bowler, it is necessary and must take RunUp, bowling while standing is considered invalid.
  • The action of the bowler is measured according to the State of Art Technology so that it can be decided whether the bowler is bowling correctly or not.

Rules for batsman

Some important rules for Batman

  • While batting, the batman should be dressed in full dress and necessary accessories like a helmet, gloves, etc.
  • The batsman must come to the field within 3 minutes after the dismissal of the former player in the match, otherwise, he will be considered out.
  • It is important for the batsman that he should keep in mind that while playing the match, he should not talk unnecessarily with any fielding team player.
  • While playing for the batsman, it is important to keep in mind that he should not touch the ball with his hands other than the bat while playing.

The rule for the third umpire

Some important rules for the third umpire

  • By the way, the work of the Third Empire is to keep an eye on the decisions of the On-field Empire, apart from this it does not have any special work.
  • Apart from this, the Third Empire must talk to the Field Empire about some inhuman incidents happening in the field and try to solve that problem.
  • If a player challenges the decision of the on-field umpire, then, in that case, the decision is checked back and the correct decision is given, etc.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top